Antoine is a senior consultant at Datactivist, a French cooperative and participatory company whose mission is to open data and make them used and useful. Operating at all steps of data opening and reuse, Datactivist works with both data producers and data re-users. He advises research organizations and funders that engage with open science and open their research data.
Antoine was trained in agricultural sciences as well as science and technology studies (STS). Since 2005, he has worked at the crossroads of public engagement with science and digital tools for Café des sciences, Deuxième labo, University of Bordeaux, and Datactivist. His main achievements include the French network of science bloggers; the Manifesto for an emancipating, self-critical and responsible scientific mediation; the first Science Hack Day organized in France; activism for open data on research funding; the award-winning Hacketafac student digital innovation contest; and a report for the INOS Erasmus+ project on open innovation activities in higher education.
The use of scientific programming in Python is still developing in the French Human and Social Sciences (HSS). While computational approaches are gaining visibility, adoption by the HSS community remains quite low. Supporting good practices across disciplines and providing training for students and young researchers will require infrastructure, as well as examples of treatments specific to the fields concerned. Although the tools for scientific programming in Python are largely mature and used in numerous scientific communities, they have yet to be widely adopted in HSS.
To promote the diffusion of interactive computational practices, we developed five proof of concept notebooks that aim not only to demonstrate the possible uses of Jupyter Notebooks and Python machine learning tools, but also to foster their adoption by the HSS community. This project was initiated by the large digital research infrastructure in HSS, Huma-Num, in the context of testing a jupyter hub deployment. However, despite our best efforts, these notebooks were woobly and not very useful. We can say that we failed to match our expectations.
In this communication, we propose to dissect this failure as an attempt to gain a better understanding of the current uses of Notebooks by French researchers. We would like to emphasize the need to better explore research practices. Drawing on Science and Technological Studies, we suggest the hypothesis that many notebooks are primarily "intermediate objects" that allow for the coordination of the research process. If this is the case, reproducibility is not the primary goal, nor is diffusion. For this reason, the adoption of Jupyter Notebooks by HSS researchers would require primarily effort on the general computational literacy to foster their integration into their research process.